Dramatic increase of the efficiency of pesticides
and fertilizers in joint use with Albit
It is well known that most of chemical pesticides are quite toxic. Thus, besides
their main functions (protection of plants from diseases, weeds and insects),
pesticides can cause stress of plants which they were devoted to defend. Usually,
such stress leads to delay of growth and retardation of different metabolic
processes, reduction of germination, different damages (burns, spots, leaf
distortion), lowered resistance to infection, and, finally, to considerable
loss of yeld. Only in US loss caused by poisonous effect of chemical pesticides
make more than 800 million dollars annually.
To reduce stress action of pesticides, special substances – ‘antidotes’
- might be used. They also called as ‘anti-stress agents’ or ‘safeners’,
although the last term is not very precise. It is generally agreed among specialists that providing
of guaranteed output requires using of chemical pesticides together with antistress agents.
According to the definition, ‘antidotes are compounds capable
to weak or completely remove the phytotoxic effect of herbicides on plants
and not effect on herbicidal properties towards to weeds’.
Unlike most anti-stress analogues, Albit has the official
status of antidote, confirmed by numerous experiments, scientific
articles and documents.
Albit is growth regulator and fungicide, but the most effectively it can be
used together with chemical pesticides. In this case, according to average
results of the all available field trials, Albit
acts as an effective safener, reducing toxicity of pesticides from 5 to 95%.
In other words, Albit can prevent yield loss by sizes cited above. By now,
antidote acivity of Albit have a wide
experimental attestation: more than 100 field trials with herbecides,
more than 400 - with fungicides and seed treatment agents, more than 40 -
with insecticides. The experiments have been carried out since 1997 both in
top-level scientific institutions (All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection,
All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection RAAS, All-Russia Institute of Biological
Plant Protection, All-Russia Institute of Cereal Crops, All-Russia Institute
of Leguminous Crops, All-Russia Institute of Flax and others) and in agricultural
For example, in the field trial of the All-Russia Institute of Biological
Plant Protection (Krasnodar, 2006-2007), Albit was added in tank mixtures to
the main groups of preparations used for spraying winter wheat. When combined
with different groups of pesticides, a different antidote effect was observed:
the addition of Albit (40 ml / ha) to the fungicide increased the yield by
1.8%, to herbicides - by 9.4-14.7%, depending on the time of spraying, to the
insecticide - by 20.2 % (Fig.1).
Fig. 1. Antidote effect of Albit when combined in tank
mixtures with various pesticides in winter wheat var. Batko (All-Russia Institute
of Biological Plant Protection, Krasnodar, 2006-2007)
According to all field trials, conducted since 1997, addition of Albit
to chemical pesticides provides yield increase:
- to herbicides – by 16.6 %
- to insecticides – by ca. 20 %
- to chemical fungicides – by 12.0 %
as compared to control sets grown with pure pesticides
On photo you can see antidote properties of Albit (Fig. 2).
Fig. 2. Application of Albit in tank mix with pesticides on
coriander (Malaga, Spain, 2017). Left – treatment with pure pesticides, right
– pesticides + Albit (2-fold, 40 mL/hŕ)
It should be distinguish antidote and growth-stimulating
effect of Albit. For example, in field trial of VNIISS (2006) with
use of hand weeding, Albit contributed of yield increase of sugar beet by 0.7
t/ha, and with herbicides treatment by 1.5-3.5 t/ha. In the first case there
is growth-stimulating effect, second yield increase more characterizes volume
of yield without herbicide stress (similar with yield without diseases) (Fig.
Fig. 3. Effect of foliar spraying (2-fold) on sowings of sugar
beet with Albit in field trial (VNIISS Mazlumov National Institute of Sugar
Beet and Sugar, 2006)
Not every growth regulator has antidote effect (especially
not every growth regulator is complete antidote). This situation is well illustrated
in field trial of Orlov Agrarian University (Fig. 4).
Fig. 4. Effectiveness of Albit and humate during sowings treatment
of spring barley in field trial ZAO «Orel Nobel’-Agro» (Orel State Agrarian
Use of the means of plant protection together with Albit brings up a question about their
compatibility. Now, many biostimulants and growth regulators
announced as safeners reduce effectiveness of protective chemicals or have
a negligible antidote effect. Unlike most of such compounds, Albit is compatible
with chemical pesticides (herbecides, fungicides and insectecides) and with
fertilizers (including extraroot fertilizers). It is possible because Albit
does not contain living microorganizms (which can be opressed by chemical
pesticides), but only pure active substances isolated from bacteria. During
8-year period of using of Albit in more than 30 country regions there were
detected no cases of incompatibility of Albit with listed chemicals. In contrast
to most of commonly used growth regulators of non-biological origin (isolated from charcoal, wood
or silt) Albit has permanent composition, properties, and neutral pH that is also contributes to
high repeatability and reliability of antidote activity.
In 2009, Albit was applied as antidote in the field trials of All-Russia Flax
Institute. The following variants were set:
- presowing treatment with Albit;
- foliar spraying with tank mix Albit + herbicides;
- foliar spraying with Albit (5 days after application of herbicides).
It was shown that variant “presowing treatment with Albit” had the highest efficacy.
Yield increase to control was 20% in dosages 50–100 mL/t (Fig. 5).
Fig. 5. Dependence of antidote effect of Albit on application
method and dosage of Albit (All-Russia Flax Institute, Tver' oblast, 2009)
As is well known, chemicals used in agriculture can be divided into 2 main groups, fertilizers
(agrochemicals) and pesticides (means of plant protection). Further,
according to object of action, pesticides are divided into herbecides (chemicals
against weeds), fungicides (chemicals against fungal diseases), insecticides
(against insects), acaricides (against patogenic mites), nematocides
(against nematodes), and so on. Insecticidas and acaricides, since they have common mechanisms
of action, can be combined into one group of insectoacaricides, which is often simply called ‘
In practice, Albit is commonly used together with herbicides
(Fig. 6). High efficiency of Albit/herbecide combination was
shown on cereals, sugar beet, sunflower, soybean, flax and the other crops.
Addition of Albit to herbicides allows to increase the yield averagely by
16.6%. Herbicide treatments decrease resistance of plants to leaf
infections, but combination with Albit abolishes this effect and increases
immunity, that making the following fungicidal treatment unnecessary. Also,
Albit spraying is effective for elimination of herbecide overdose
consequences (in 1-5 days after herbicide treatment).
Fig. 6. Using of Albit in combination with different groups
of pesticides (schematic).
Use of Albit is also recommended in combination with insecticides
against chinch, leaf beetle, the cereal and cabbage plant louse, mining flies, colorado beetle and the other
pests. Owing to the antidote effect of Albit, productivity under this conditions by 8-32%
(on average) higher than that with insecticide alone. In certain cases, especially for canolla, yield increase
is even higher – up to 93%. In tests on wheat, addition of Albit to insecticides increased content of gluten
at least by 1.2%.
Albit as safener is also effective together with extraroot nitrogene fertilizers (urea,
ammonium nitrate, and their combination) and with composite microelement fertilizers.
Combination of Albit with chemical fungicides exhibits
more complicated action.
First, regarding to fungicides (as in the case of herbecides and fungicides), Albit exhibit pronounced
antidote effect. For example, addition of Albit to fungicidal seed desinfectants having azoles as the
active ingredient, noticeably increases germination and germination power of seeds, abolishing the stressogenic
action of desinfectant. According to reports of Agrochemical Department of Moscow State University (2000),
the antidote activity of Albit regarding to fungicides makes up 24,6% on average, in tests of All-Russia
Institute of Plant Protection (2004) it makes up from 7 to 62%.
Secondly, Albit itself is a systemic fungicide protecting plants via immunization. Combination of Albit
with chemical fungicides leads to synergistic effects, in other words, to reciprocal reinforcing of acting
components. For example, chemical fungicides protect plants from diseases over their period of validity
(1 month generally), but after make plans more sensible to infections by weakening of their immunity.
Addition of Albit allows to recover and reinforce plant immunity that prolongs the period of validity.
Owing to its immunizing activity, Albit is able to substitute the chemical fungicides partially
or even totally, depending on infectious background. As it was demonstrated in multiple trials
with fungicides of all groups (classified by active ingredients), using of Albit with only half of
application rate of fungicides provides the same protective effect, as full dose of fungicides
(Table 13). Partial replacement of scheduled fungicidal treatments
to Albit treatments is also possible (for example, for cereals, vine, and potatoes).
Analogously, tests of Agrochemical Department of MSU demonstrated that due to increase of the coefficient
of NPK uptake from soil and fertilizers under the influence of Albit, rates of application of the mineral
fertilizers might be decreased by 10-30%.
As a result, it is possible to reach reduction of total costs for both fungicidal treatment and
fertilizers by 20-45% and to get more ecologically pure organic products.
Combined use of Albit and chemical pesticides leads inevitably to increased economical effectiveness
of plant protecting actions: due to either reduced cost of treatment (with fungicides and fertilizers),
or increased productivity (thanks to antidote effect of in case of herbicides or insecticides). According
to reports of All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection RAAS (2004), each rouble spent to Albit treatment
brings 5 roubles of profit. Besides economical benefits, Albit also increases biological and agricultural
effectiveness of chemicals.
Every farmer knows that depending on climatic, phytosanitary, soil and agrochemical
conditions of year and field, protective effect of pesticides varies considerably.
Adding of Albit in tank mix to pesticides allows smooth these fluctuations,
ensures more stable efficacy of pesticides every year in various conditions,
and, in general, increases efficacy of pesticides (Fig. 7).
Head of one of the leading large-scale potato farm said once, that only together
with Albit all fungicides he used before started to work with their full capacity,
i.e., to provide 100% of the effect declared by producer. Thus, joint use of
Albit and standard recommended means of plant protection allows to provide guaranteedly their high reliability and effectiveness.
Fig. 7. Comparative efficacy of chemical pesticides
and their tank mixes with Albit (schematically according to all conducted
Thanks to its high antidote activity, Albit is generally recognized. For example, well-known Russia’s
leading pesticide-producing company Firma Avgust ZAO has started packing of Albit under brand name
, declared specifically as a mean of neutralization of stress caused by chemical
pesticides on agricultural plants.
It is necessary to emphasize, that using of Albit in mixtures with chemical pesticides is possible
strictly according to approved rules and recommendations for these chemicals.
Combination with chemical fungicides and fungicidal seed treatment agents
Combination with herbicides
Combination with insecticides
Combination with fertilizers