Materials used in this chapter were published in book Biostimulant Albit for increasing
yields and protection of agricultures against diseases, A.K. Zlotnikov, Ed. Prof. À. Melkumova.
All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection, Russia, 2006.
According to conducted field trials in 2001-2009, application of Albit on
legume crops (soybean, pea, french bean, lentil, fodder bean, chickpea) increases:
- yield of beans by 0.19–0.45 t/ha;
- number of pods per one plant by 12.3–30.9%;
- seeds per plant by 11.1–28.9%;
- weight of beans from one plant by 32.7–36.6%.
Biological efficiency of Albit against root rots of legume
crops, Fusarium wilt, septoria and ascochita pod and leaf spots is 17–73%,
27–80%, 48–58% and 47–60%, respectively.
For legume crops, presowing seed treatment is the most significant
one. It increases:
- germination by 3-15%;
- development of rootage by 11-41%;
- amount of green biomass;
- stem length by 3–36%;
- number of productive nodes by 13.7–16.8%,
and provides immunization of plants against main diseases. Presowing seed treatment
provides 60-80% of total Albit effect; its growth stimulating action can be
seen through all vegetation.
Effect of presowing treatment can be improved with foliar spraying.
It increases growth of green biomass, provides synchronous blossoming, accelerates
pod formation and maturation, immunizes plants against air infections. It
is very promising to combine Albit with herbicide during foliar spraying,
because legumes (especially soybean and pea) are very sensitive to herbicidal
stress. Being an active antidote (antistressant), Albit
relieves herbicidal stress that considerably increases herbicidal treatment
Peculiar phenomenon is observed in some legumes (chickpea, peanut, lupine):
1-fold Albit application (seed treatment or foliar spraying) gives
a higher effect, than combination of these treatments. This fact is
not typical for other crops and is probably due to hypersensitization of legumes.
For presowing seed treatment, it is recommended to use 50 mL of Albit (that
corresponds to 10-15 liters of working solution) per tonne of seeds; foliar
spraying takes 30-40 mL of Albit/hectare, or 300-400 L of working solution/hectare.
Presented recommendations are universal for all legume crops.