Materials used in this chapter were published in the book Biostimulant Albit for
increasing yields and protection of agricultures against diseases, A.K. Zlotnikov, Ed.
Prof. À. Melkumova. All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection, Russia, 2006.
lens L. (syn. Lens esculenta Moensch) is the valuable legume
food and forage crop.
On lentil, Albit is applied as antidote for decrease
of side phytotoxic effect of herbicides. In Russia, Albit is officially registered
as a plant growth regulator of lentil.
Albit increases field germination capacity, accelerates plant growth and development,
improves plant resistance to unfavorable conditions of the environment, provides
defense against plant diseases, increases lentil yield and improves the yield
Application recommendations. It is recommended presowing
seed treatment (50-150 mL/t) and foliar spraying at
the budding stage (30-100 mL/hà, ÂBCH 50-60). Albit may be applied as antidote
in tank mix with pesticides according to their perspective recommendations.
Maximal recommended doses are applied in combinations with pesticides for
increase of stress-resistance of plants.
Depending of treatment method and dose, yield increase of
lentil after Albit treatment is 0.07-0.29 t/hà, and average yield increase
according to all trials – 0.19 t/hà or 24.9% to control.
On lentil, Albit has been tested since 2001 in field trials of All-Russia
Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (Moscow oblast), All-Russia
Research Institute of Legumes and Groat Crops (Oryol oblast), Russian Institute
of Sorghum and Maize (Saratov) and also in other institutes and farms. The
following varieties of lentil were used in trials: Penzenskaya-14, Rauzà, Nadezhda and
others. In field trials a high Albit efficacy was shown.
In field trials of All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding
(Moscow oblast, 2001) seed treatment of lentil var. Penzenskaya-14 with
Albit (30-50 mL/t) + following foliar spraying (30-50 mL/hà) were conducted.
After Albit treatment, field germination and length of shoots were increased
by 5% and 10%, respectively. Yield in control was 0.99 t/hà. Depending on treatment
method, lentil yield increase after Albit treatment was 0.06-0.13 t/hà and
in average 0.09 t/hà or 9.1% to control.
In Oryol oblast (All-Russia Research Institute of Legumes and Groat Crops, 2006)
seeds of lentil var. Rauza were treated with Albit in the following
doses: 50, 100, 150 and 300 mL/t. Untreated seeds were used as a control. Thus,
seed treatment with Albit promoted to improving of sowing qualities of treated
seeds (Fig. 1). Germination energy and laboratory germination increased by 1-7%
and 3-4%, respectively; length of roots and sprouts by 8th day after sowing increased
by 4-17% and 6-22%, respectively.
Fig. 1. Influence of seed treatment with Albit
on lentil germination (pot experiment of All-Russia Research Institute of
Legumes and Groat Crops, Oryol oblast, 2008)
The best results were obtained in variant with Albit in dose 150 mL/t. This
dose was used in the following field experiment. After Albit treatment, field
germination increased by 9% over control. In variants with Albit the number
of seeds and pods per plant, seeds in pod, weight of 1000 seeds, weight of
seeds per plant were increased by 20%, 10%, 7%, 3%, 23%, respectively (Fig.
2). As result of improvement of growth parameters, yield increased by 0.29
t/hà (23.4% to control).
Fig. 2. Influence of Albit treatment
on lentil growth (field trial of All-Russia Research Institute of Legumes
and Groat Crops, Oryol oblast, 2007)
The same results were conducted on other field (All-Russia Research Institute
of Legumes and Groat Crops, Oryol oblast, 2007). After seed treatment with
Albit in dose 150 mL/t, yield of lentil increased by 0.31 t/hà (by 33.7% higher
than in control). This method of Albit treatment with dose 150 mL/t decreased
plant infestation by root rots by 30% at the budding stage–beginning
of flowering. Level of disease development was lower, than in control by 7.5%,
biological efficacy was 43% (Albit in ca. 2 times decreased plant infestation
by root rots).
On lentil var. Nadezhda field trials were conducted from April to
October of 2009 in Saratov oblast (Russian Institute of Sorghum and Maize).
Albit was used for seed treatment and for foliar spraying at the stage of 4-5
leaves in doses 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120 and 150 (mL/t + mL/hà). Standard based
subtilis was applied in recommended doses. Background treatment: in
control and in all other variants foliar spraying with imazethapyrà (0.4
kg/hà) was conducted at the stage of 3 true leaves.
In conditions of dry weather of 2009 and low disease development, Albit on
lentil had a high efficacy (100-150 mL/t (hà)) over control and standard variants.
These doses had positive influence, first of all, on field germination (increased
by 17.3-18.8%). This allowed to increase the number of plants per m2 and lay
the foundation for high plant productivity. Foliar spraying with Albit at the
stage of 4-5 leaves increased this positive effect. Yield in
these variants were higher over control by 0.217-0.29 t/hà (32.1-42.8%).
Thus, both in conditions of Oryol oblast and in dry conditions of Saratov
oblast, treatment with Albit gave a high yield increase of lentil (more than
In the following Table, you may see all reports on
performance of Albit on lentil, available
in English. For all available
reports, please see corresponding table on the Russian
Institute / Farm
All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed