Materials of this chapter were published in the book 'Biological product
Albit for yield increase and plant protection: trials, recommendations,
results of application' edited by member of the Academy †V.G. Mineev. All-Russian
Scientific Research Institute of Plant Protection, Ministry of Agriculture
of the Russian Federation, 2009, and also in the article:
Zlotnikov, A.K., Gins, V.K., Zlotnikov, K.M. (2001). Influence of treatment
with biostimulant Albit and rhizosphere bacteria Bacillus firmus E3 and Klebsiella
terrigena E6 on amaranth growth. Materials of IV International Conference
СNew and non-traditional plants and prospects of their applicationТ, Published
by People`s Friendship University of Russia, p. 54-56.
a new prospective culture, amaranth, is getting more widespread in the farming
practice of many countries. In Russia, it is a new plant for agricultural practice.
At the same time, the examples of a number of foreign countries allow us to
hope that over time the amaranth will take its proper place in agriculture
Genus Amaranthus L. relates to division Magnoliophyta,
class Magnoliopsida, order Caryophyllales, family Amaranthaceaee.
There are 60-90 Amaranth species, 55 of them are most prevalent species. In
Russia, 16 species of amaranth growth in the wild nature. Several amaranth
species are cultivated: A. blitum, A. caudatus, A. mantegazzianus,
A. dubius, A. paniculatus, A. spinosus and A. tricolor.
Amaranth species are divided to cereals (for seeds), vegetable (for salads),
fodder crop, officinal and decorative plants.
On amaranth, Albit is applied as antidote for decreasing
the side phytotoxic effect of pesticides. Also, Albit increases the field germination,
accelerates growth and development, increases plant resistance to unfavorable
conditions of environment, provides the defense against plant diseases, increases
the yield of leaf mass and seeds.
Application recommendations. It is recommended the soaking
of seeds before sowing from 30 minutes (with constant stirring) up to 10 hours
(without stirring) in the solution 0.5-4 mL of Albit/L of water. It is more
efficient to apply Albit as antidote in tank mix with chemical protectants.
A higher dose is applied for increasing the plant resistance to the following
spraying of plants with pesticides. Solution of Albit (used for seed treatment)
also may be applied into the soil during planting.
On amaranth, Albit has been tested since 2000 in field experiments
in Moscow and other regions of Russia. Field trials were conducted in All-Russian
Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production and also in other
institutes and farms.
In plot trials of All-Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed
Production in 2000, pre-sowing seed treatment of amaranth Amaranthus paniculatus with
Albit had a growth-stimulating effect on plants: increased germination, height
of seedlings was by 157% higher than in control, height of plants increased in
2-4 times, the number of true leaves – by 66%. Thus, Albit provided a significant
yield increase of green mass (Fig. 1). Also, Albit had a high biological
efficiency against root rots (BE 95-100%). It promoted to saving of
plants on the early stages of plant development.
Fig. 1. Influence of Albit on development of amaranth. Control Ц control,
Albit Ц treatment with Albit (All-Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding
and Seed Production, 2000)
In the following Table, you may see reports on performance of Albit
on amaranth. For all available reports, please see corresponding
table on Russian webpage.
Institute / Farm
University of Abuja