Materials used in this chapter were published in the book “Biostimulant Albit for
increasing yields and protection of agricultures against diseases”, A.K. Zlotnikov,
Ed. Prof. À. Melkumova. All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection, Russia, 2006.
In Russia, Albit
is officially registered as a plant growth regulator of cherry.
Albit accelerates plant growth and development, improves plant resistance to
unfavorable conditions of environment, provides defense against plant diseases,
increases yield and improves yield quality.
Influence of Albit on cherry was examined in a trial performed by All-Russia
Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (Moscow oblast, 2001) on
cherry trees (Cerasus
vulgaris Mill) var. Rogneda. Trees used in experiment were planted
in chess scheme, distance between trees was 6 meters. Each experimental group
contained 10 trees. Yield of cherries in control was 5.66 kg/tree on average
(1.68 tons/hectare). According to results of experiment, the most effective
treatment mode is twice repeated treatment of trees with Albit solution conc.
1 mL/10 L, 10 L/tree. This variant provided
yield increase over control of 0.11 tons/hectare (7%). Increase
of Albit concentration per tree to 3 mL/tree lead to little bit worst result
(increase over control of 6.4%), however differences between these results
are unreliable. Analogous biostimulant based on living Pseudomonas aureofaciens bacteria
did not provide any yield increase. Treatment with Albit increased part of
yield harvested in first and second harvesting sets, i.e. Albit provided more
simultaneous cherry ripening. Also, Albit treatments slightly decreased number
of rotten cherries infected with fruit anthracnose.
Also, Albit is applied on cherry as antidote for reducing
the phytotoxic effect of pesticides and protection of plants against unfavorable
environmental factors. Anti-stress effect of Albit has been
demonstrated in China. In February of 2014, cherry orchard was heavily damaged
by frosts. After application of Albit, the trees quickly recovered (Fig. 1)
and gave earlier and quality yield (Fig. 2).
|Fig. 1. Cherry leaves damaged by
frost were recovered
after Albit application
|Fig. 2. The earlier ripening of cherry is a result of Albit application
In April 2019, cherry orchard near town Amasya was heavily damaged by frosts.
Those areas of the orchard that were treated with Albit (approximately 100
mL/ha) 2-3 days before frosts, practically did not suffer from frosts (Fig.
Fig. 3. Influence of Albit treatment on frost resistance of cherry
orchard. Left – control (without Albit), right – treatment with Albit (Turkey,
Also, Albit has a high efficacy on cherry grafts. According to the State registration,
treatment of grafts with Albit (soaking before planting for 3-5 hours in a
solution of 1 mL/L) is intended for improving of survival rate, activation
of growth, increasing the resistance to unfavorable environmental factors.