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    Albit improves overwintering, frost resistance of winter cereals and other crops

    In agricultural practice, Albit has a good record as an effective anti-stressant.

    Plants treated with Albit become more resistant to low temperatures, chilling, dramatic temperature fluctuations. Albit increases plant frost resistance (by 25% according to field trial results at under extremely continental conditions in Kalmykia, and by 30% in greenhouse experiment in China, 2012), improves the overwintering of winter crops (by 20% according to the Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, 2013-2014).

    In Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture in 2013-2014, efficacy of Albit was assessed in comparison with highly effective chemical fungicide (a.i. fludioxonyl). Seed treatment of winter wheat with Albit and in tank mix with fungicide was used. Adding of Albit to fungicide considerably improved overwintering of plants in conditions of snowless frosty winter (Fig. 1). In variant with fungicide, persistence of overwintered plants was 91.6%, however in variant with Albit 103.4%, in variant with Albit + fungicide it was 114.7%.

    Fig. 1. Effect of seed treatment of winter wheat with chemical fungicide and Albit on overwintering (Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, 2013-2014)

    Also, Albit is effective for revival of winter crops after overwintering. The plants, weakened by winter, herbicides and root rots, respond to Albit treatment with dramatic increase of productivity. For example, in ZAO AF Agrokomplex (Kolos farm Vyselkovsky district, Krasnodar krai) in 2006 on winter wheat var. Yubileinaya 100, foliar spraying with Albit after overwintering in tank mix with herbicide and fungicide gave yield increase 0.61 t/ha over chemical treatment (herbicide and fungicide without Albit). Analogous application of Albit in the farm of Jonathan Leuenberger (Dudingen, Switzerland, 2012) on winter wheat var. Titlis gave yield increase 0.46 t/ha. In this field trial, Albit treatment allowed to fully abort spring foliar spraying with fungicide. In Z Agrisfera (village Starokorsunskaya, Krasnodar krai, 2004) adding of Albit in tank mix to herbicide during spring treatment of winter barley var. Mihailo provided yield increase 0.5 t/ha.

    In Kalmykia Republic in 2012, winter wheat was damaged after severe spring morning frosts without snowpack (temperatures on soil down up -20C). In the beginning of tillering stage, a severe damages of plants and irregular vegetation of crop were observed. Albit treatment (1 fold, 50 mL/ha with herbicide) promoted active growth of plants, and the wheat had dark green color. As a result, significant yield increase was obtained (25% over herbicide treatment, 40 let VLKSM farm, Priyutnenskii district).

    After overwintering of winter canola var. Sherpa, applying of Albit (foliar spraying) allowed to obtain a world yield record of 6.86 t/h (Voore farm, Estonia, 2015).

    In the National Institute of Grapevine and Wine (Magarach, Crimea) a long-term field trials on assessment of influence of Albit on overwintering of grapevine (var. Cabernet Sauvignon, Moldova, Asma, Italian muscadine) were conducted. Coefficient of fruiting, content of starch in shoots, differentiation of shoots were assessed. It was shown that ability of grapevines to endure of frosts increased by 22.427.9%. Also, Albit increased ability of grapevine to restore after frosts by 28.7%. Albit application allows to shift the border of temperatures into lower side for all varieties of grapevine (ca. by 2C).

    Foliar spraying with Albit also protects vegetable crops against low temperatures. For example, on cucumbers high protective effect was observed in greenhouse farm Yongqing (Hebei province, China) (Fig. 2).

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    Fig. 2. Influence of Albit treatment on recovering of cherry garden after frosts (China, 2014)

    Also, protective effect of Albit against frosts was observed on seedlings of woody plants, for example, heat-loving pecan. As shown on Fig. 3, control plants of pecan were damaged after low temperatures, however plants after Albit treatment easily endured this stress.

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    Fig. 3. Seedlings of pecan var. Eliot, Check control, Treated plants treated with Albit (Georgia, USA, 2014)

     





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