Albit will increase frost resistance of winter cereals and other crops
In agricultural practice, Albit has a good record as an effective anti-stressant.
Plants treated with Albit become more resistant to low temperatures, chilling,
dramatic temperature fluctuations. Albit increases plant frost resistance (by
25% according to field trial results at under extremely continental
conditions in Kalmykia, and by 30% in greenhouse experiment
in China, 2012), improves the overwintering of winter crops (according to the Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, 2013-2014).
In Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture in 2013-2014,
efficacy of Albit was assessed in comparison with highly effective chemical
fungicide (a.i. fludioxonyl). Seed treatment of winter wheat with Albit and
in tank mix with fungicide was used. Adding of Albit to fungicide considerably
improved overwintering of plants in conditions of snowless frosty winter
(Fig. 1). In variant with fungicide, persistence of overwintered plants was
91.6%, however in variant with
Albit – 103.4%, in variant with Albit + fungicide it was 114.7%. Similarly, the presowing treatment of winter rye seeds with Albit increased the stem density after overwintering by 8% (Arkhangelsk Agricultural Scientific Institute, 2019-2020), and the presowing treatment of winter wheat seeds – by 9.6% (Krasnodar kraj, 2003-2004). The productive tillering of overwintered plants also increased – by 4.3% (Krasnodar kraj, 2003-2004) and 4.6% (Volgograd oblast, 2004-2005).
Fig. 1. Effect of seed treatment of winter wheat with chemical
fungicide and Albit on overwintering (Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture,
Also, Albit is effective for revival of winter crops after
overwintering. The plants, weakened by winter, herbicides and root rots, respond
to Albit treatment with dramatic increase of productivity. For example, in
ZAO AF “Agrokomplex” (“Kolos” farm Vyselkovsky district, Krasnodar krai) in
2006 on winter wheat var. Yubileinaya 100, foliar spraying with Albit
after overwintering in tank mix with herbicide and fungicide gave yield increase
0.61 t/ha over chemical treatment (herbicide and fungicide without Albit).
Analogous application of Albit in the farm of Jonathan Leuenberger (Dudingen,
Switzerland, 2012) on winter wheat var. Titlis gave yield increase
0.46 t/ha. In this field trial, Albit treatment allowed to fully abort spring
foliar spraying with fungicide. In ZÀÎ «Agrisfera» (village Starokorsunskaya,
Krasnodar krai, 2004) adding of Albit in tank mix to herbicide during spring
treatment of winter barley var. Mihailo provided yield increase 0.5
In Kalmykia Republic in 2012, winter wheat was damaged after
severe spring morning frosts without snowpack (temperatures on soil down up
-20°C). In the beginning of tillering stage, a severe damages of plants and
irregular vegetation of crop were observed. Albit treatment (1 fold, 50 mL/ha
with herbicide) promoted active growth of plants, and the wheat had dark green
color. As a result, significant yield increase was obtained (25% over herbicide
treatment, “40 let VLKSM” farm, Priyutnenskii district).
After overwintering of winter canola var. Sherpa, applying
of Albit (foliar spraying) allowed to obtain a world yield
record of 6.86 t/hà (Voore farm, Estonia, 2015).
Since 2014, the All-Russian National Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking "Magarach" (Yalta, Crimea) has been conducting studies to assess the effect of Albit on cold hardiness of the grapevine. The studies examined table varieties: Muscat Italia, Muscat Amber, Moldova, Chocolate, and wine varieties: Merlot, Syrah, and Cabernet Sauvignon. Multiple indicators of cold hardiness of vine were assessed, such as the fruiting rate, content, and intensity of starch hydrolysis in shoots, and shoot differentiation. The studies found that Albit treatment promoted a better tissue differentiation (by 6.2-10.7% compared to control). Albit treatment groups also showed an increase in the dry matter content and the accumulation of starch in shoots (by 16.6–26.6% to the control). These results point to an increase in the potential cold hardiness of the grapevine, the ability of the grapevine to survive low temperatures and frost. With Albit, the actual (factual) cold hardiness, defined as the ability of vine plantations to endure frosts without damage, increased by 22.4–27.9%. Application of Albit allows to shift the boundary of the critical low temperatures towards lower values ??by about 2 °C for all tested grape varieties (Fig. 2). It was established that Albit increases the ability of the grapevine to recover from frost by an average of 28.7%.
Fig. 2. The effect of Albit treatment on the cold hardiness of table varieties (Muscat, Moldova, Chocolate) and wine varieties (Merlot, Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon) of grapes (All-Russian National Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking "Magarach", 2016-2018)
Foliar spraying with Albit also protects vegetable crops against
low temperatures. For example, on cucumbers high protective effect was observed
in greenhouse farm Yongqing (Hebei province, China) (Fig. 3). Thereby, farmers
from China appreciate Albit because it is the only bioproduct that has
effect even at low temperatures (below 12°C).
Fig. 3. Influence of Albit treatment on recovering of cherry
garden after frosts (China, 2014)
In April 2019, cherry orchard near town Amasya was heavily damaged by frosts.
Those areas of the orchard that were treated with Albit (approximately 100
mL/ha) 2-3 days before frosts, practically did not suffer from frosts (Fig.
Fig. 4. Influence of Albit treatment on frost resistance of cherry orchard.
Left - control (without Albit), right – treatment with Albit (Turkey, 2019)
Also, protective effect of Albit against frosts was observed on seedlings
of woody plants, for example, heat-loving pecan. As shown on Fig.
5, control plants of pecan were damaged after low temperatures, however plants
after Albit treatment easily endured this stress.
Fig. 5. Seedlings of pecan var. Eliot,
Check – control, Treated – plants treated with Albit (Georgia, USA, 2014)