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    Albit improves overwintering, frost resistance of winter cereals and other crops

     


    In agricultural practice, Albit has a good record as an effective anti-stressant.

    Plants treated with Albit become more resistant to low temperatures, chilling, dramatic temperature fluctuations. Albit increases plant frost resistance (by 25% according to field trial results at under extremely continental conditions in Kalmykia, and by 30% in greenhouse experiment in China, 2012), improves the overwintering of winter crops (by 20% according to the Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, 2013-2014).

    In Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture in 2013-2014, efficacy of Albit was assessed in comparison with highly effective chemical fungicide (a.i. fludioxonyl). Seed treatment of winter wheat with Albit and in tank mix with fungicide was used. Adding of Albit to fungicide considerably improved overwintering of plants in conditions of snowless frosty winter (Fig. 1). In variant with fungicide, persistence of overwintered plants was 91.6%, however in variant with Albit 103.4%, in variant with Albit + fungicide it was 114.7%.

     

    Fig. 1. Effect of seed treatment of winter wheat with chemical fungicide and Albit on overwintering (Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, 2013-2014)

     

    Also, Albit is effective for revival of winter crops after overwintering. The plants, weakened by winter, herbicides and root rots, respond to Albit treatment with dramatic increase of productivity. For example, in ZAO AF Agrokomplex (Kolos farm Vyselkovsky district, Krasnodar krai) in 2006 on winter wheat var. Yubileinaya 100, foliar spraying with Albit after overwintering in tank mix with herbicide and fungicide gave yield increase 0.61 t/ha over chemical treatment (herbicide and fungicide without Albit). Analogous application of Albit in the farm of Jonathan Leuenberger (Dudingen, Switzerland, 2012) on winter wheat var. Titlis gave yield increase 0.46 t/ha. In this field trial, Albit treatment allowed to fully abort spring foliar spraying with fungicide. In Z Agrisfera (village Starokorsunskaya, Krasnodar krai, 2004) adding of Albit in tank mix to herbicide during spring treatment of winter barley var. Mihailo provided yield increase 0.5 t/ha.

    In Kalmykia Republic in 2012, winter wheat was damaged after severe spring morning frosts without snowpack (temperatures on soil down up -20C). In the beginning of tillering stage, a severe damages of plants and irregular vegetation of crop were observed. Albit treatment (1 fold, 50 mL/ha with herbicide) promoted active growth of plants, and the wheat had dark green color. As a result, significant yield increase was obtained (25% over herbicide treatment, 40 let VLKSM farm, Priyutnenskii district).

    After overwintering of winter canola var. Sherpa, applying of Albit (foliar spraying) allowed to obtain a world yield record of 6.86 t/h (Voore farm, Estonia, 2015).

    Since 2014, the All-Russian National Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking "Magarach" (Yalta, Crimea) has been conducting studies to assess the effect of Albit on cold hardiness of the grapevine. The studies examined table varieties: Muscat Italia, Muscat Amber, Moldova, Chocolate, and wine varieties: Merlot, Syrah, and Cabernet Sauvignon. Multiple indicators of cold hardiness of vine were assessed, such as the fruiting rate, content, and intensity of starch hydrolysis in shoots, and shoot differentiation. The studies found that Albit treatment promoted a better tissue differentiation (by 6.2-10.7% compared to control). Albit treatment groups also showed an increase in the dry matter content and the accumulation of starch in shoots (by 16.6–26.6% to the control). These results point to an increase in the potential cold hardiness of the grapevine, the ability of the grapevine to survive low temperatures and frost. With Albit, the actual (factual) cold hardiness, defined as the ability of vine plantations to endure frosts without damage, increased by 22.4–27.9%. Application of Albit allows to shift the boundary of the critical low temperatures towards lower values ??by about 2 C for all tested grape varieties (Fig. 2). It was established that Albit increases the ability of the grapevine to recover from frost by an average of 28.7%.

     

    Fig. 2. The effect of Albit treatment on the cold hardiness of grapes (table varieties: Muscat, Moldova, Chocolate, and wine varieties: Merlot, Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon) in the modeled conditions of the critical negative temperatures (All-Russian National Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking "Magarach", 2016-2018)

     

    Foliar spraying with Albit also protects vegetable crops against low temperatures. For example, on cucumbers high protective effect was observed in greenhouse farm Yongqing (Hebei province, China) (Fig. 3). Thereby, farmers from China appreciate Albit because it is the only bioproduct that has effect even at low temperatures (below 12C).

     

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    Fig. 3. Influence of Albit treatment on recovering of cherry garden after frosts (China, 2014)

     

    In April 2019, cherry orchard near town Amasya was heavily damaged by frosts. Those areas of the orchard that were treated with Albit (approximately 100 mL/ha) 2-3 days before frosts, practically did not suffer from frosts (Fig. 4).

     

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    Fig. 4. Influence of Albit treatment on frost resistance of cherry orchard. Left - control (without Albit), right treatment with Albit (Turkey, 2019)

     

    Also, protective effect of Albit against frosts was observed on seedlings of woody plants, for example, heat-loving pecan. As shown on Fig. 5, control plants of pecan were damaged after low temperatures, however plants after Albit treatment easily endured this stress.

     

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    Fig. 5. Seedlings of pecan var. Eliot, Check control, Treated plants treated with Albit (Georgia, USA, 2014)

     

     

     

     

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