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    Seed treatment of cereal crops with Albit: coherent coming-up, high yield, a good overwintering of winter cereals

    Seed treatment is very important for obtaining high yield of cereal crops. For many years, Albit has been successfully applied for seed treatment of wheat, barley, rape, maize, legumes and other crops. In this process, Albit acts in 3 ways at the same time: plant growth regulator, fungicide, antidote.

    Approximately 50% effect of Albit is achieved as a result of seed treatment (e.g., yield increase of winter wheat 0.25 t/h according to average data of a lot of conducted field trials). The rest effect may be reached with subsequent foliar spraying (yield increase of winter wheat 0.25 t/h).

    For many years, seed treatment of winter wheat with Albit in industrial scale has been conducted by famous seed processing enterprises (such as Luch (Stavropol krai, Russia) or OSEVA, Druzina, Limagrain in the EU).

     

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    Growth of seeds of winter wheat treated with Albit (40 mL/t) in comparison with control (Scientific Institute of Biological Protection of Plants, Krasnodar krai, 2017)

     

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    Growth of seeds of barley treated with Albit in comparison with control (Scientific Institute of Leguminous and Cereal Crops, Oryol oblast, 2006)

     

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    Germs of winter wheat (Experimental station Kluky, Czech Republic, 2013). From the left to the right: control, seed treatment with Albit, seed treatment + foliar spraying with Albit

    Seed treatment of winter wheat with Albit improves field germination of seeds (by 5-7%), protects plants against root rots and early-leaf diseases (like Septoria leaf spot), helps form a powerful root system (thanks to it, plants may successfully pass winter, can resist to drought and variation of temperature) and well-developed flag-leaf, helps increase yield by 4-15% depending on variety, and gluten content on average by 2.3%.

     

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    Development of root system of winter wheat (top) and winter rape (bottom) (Kustodija, Lithuania, 2011)

    Also, plants grown from seeds treated with Albit will pass the growth stages by 3-12 days faster than the control plants, and form yield earlier as a result.

     

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    Growth of barley (Scientific Institute of Leguminous and Cereal Crops, Oryol oblast, 2005 top photo and 2006 bottom photo). Seeds of barley were treated with fungicide based on tiabendazol and flutriafol (1) and tank mix with fungicide + Albit (2)

    In 2006-2009, in farm Zemlyanskoe of Voronezh oblast, winter wheat (var. Don-93 and Bezenchukskaya-380) was treated with Albit + fungicide based on tebuconazole. After Albit treatment, number of overwintered plants of winter wheat var. Don-93 increased from 287 plant/m2 to 319 plant/m2 (overwintering increased by 11.1% compared to the variant with pure fungicide); number of overwintered plants of winter wheat var. Bezenchukskaya-380 from 309 plants/m2 to 345 plants/m2 (overwintering increased by 11.7%). According to data of the Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, during snowless and frosty winter in 2013-2014, overwintering of winter wheat after seed treatment with fungicide based on fludioxonil was 91.6% to control, however after seed treatment with fungicide + Albit, overwintering was 109.4% to control (overall increase by 19.4%). Field germination of seeds increased from 93.7% to 98.1%, biological efficacy against root rots also increased from 54.2% to 74.3%.

    Seed treatment with Albit decreases the abundance of pathogenic fungi belonging to genus Fusarium in plant rootarea by 70-75% (according to data of Lomonosov Moscow State University).

    On winter crops, Albit is also applied as antidote additive to pesticides for decrease of their phytotoxic effect. Albit in mixes with chemical fungicides smoothes their retardant effect, increasing field germination. Plants grown from seeds treated with Albit are more resistant to phytotoxic effect of herbicides. On average, based on data of all conducted field trials (since 1997), in variants where seeds were treated with Albit before herbicide sprays, yield was by 22.1% higher than in variants without Albit treatment (only herbicide sprays).

     

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    Influence of seed treatment with Albit on parameters of yield and development of root rots of winter wheat (Scientific Institute of Plant Protection, Russian Ministry of Agriculture, Voronezh oblast, 2005)

     

    Recommended seed treatment of winter wheat and barley with Albit 40 mL/t, rape 60 mL/t. Adding of Albit to standard pesticides in such small doses almost does not increase the cost of seed treatment, however notably boosts the efficacy of pesticide treatments.

    In field trials of Scientific Institute of Plant Protection it was demonstrated that application of Albit 100 mL/t on cereal crops has the same positive effect on plants as the dosage 40 mL/t, however prolonged immunization against foliar diseases (Septoria leaf spot, brown rust, powdery mildew) is added up to the heading stage. This dose is recommended on a number of cereal crops.

     

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    Prolonged immunization of wheat against a number of diseases as a result of seed treatment with Albit (Scientific Institute of Plant Protection, Russian Ministry of Agriculture, Voronezh oblast, 2007)

     

    A high efficacy of seed treatment with Albit on maize was proven in laboratory and field trials:

    Positive influence of seed treatment with Albit on maize (vegetation trial of Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Moscow oblast, 2005). Left photo treatment with fungicide, right photo fungicide + Albit

     

    Efficacy of seed treatment with Albit on maize (field trail was conducted in Georgia, USA, 2015). Check control, Treated treatment with Albit

     

    Positive influence of seed treatment with Albit on soybean:

     

    Influence of seed treatment with Albit and protectant fungicide on growth and development of soybean plants (vegetation trial of Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Moscow oblast, 2007). Variants: 1 control (without treatment), 2 Albit, 3 fungicide, 4 Albit + fungicide. Albit neutralizes stress retardant effect of protectant fungicide on soybean plants

     

     

    Influence of Albit on field germination, growth and development of soybean plants (field trail was conducted in Georgia, USA, 2013). heck control (without Albit), Treated treatment with Albit

     

     

    Influence of seed treatment with various doses of Albit on yield of soybean var. Villana (All-Russia Institute of Biological Plant Protection, Krasnodar krai, 2009)

     

    Currently, massive application of pesticides is widely used in agricultural practice. However, besides their main functions (protection plants against diseases, weeds and pests), pesticides can cause stress of plants which they were devoted to defend. For example, at low temperature fungicides usually have retardant effect on germs; herbicide stress, on the contrary, is usually observed during drought. Stress effect is revealed in retarding of growth, decreasing of seed germination, appearance of spots, burns, leave twisting, reducing of resistance to diseases and others, resulting in notable decrease of yield. Chemical pesticides loosing side stress effect due to addition to Albit, reinforces their main effect. Applying of Albit with pesticides promotes their reproducible high performance. Head of one of the leading large-scale potato farms once said, that only together with Albit all fungicides he used before, started working with their full capacity, i.e., to providing 100% of the effect declared by producer. The urgent task of modern and intensive agriculture is annual maintenance of high yield. Especially this relates to using of generics, which (unlike well-known plant protection products of leading producers), as a rule, do not contain antidotes and other necessary technical means, "securing" the effect of active ingredient (a.i.). No doubt, Albit is not a replacement for chemical pesticides. However, application of Albit with chemical pesticides ensures their stable and high effect even at unfavorable conditions of vegetation season.

     

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    One more example of influence of seed treatment with Albit on growth of barley (Scientific Institute of Leguminous and Cereal Crops, Oryol oblast, 2006)

    Results of seed treatment with Albit you can see in the following Chapter

     

     




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