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    Seed treatment of cereal crops with Albit

    Seed treatment of cereal crops with Albit: coherent coming-up, high yield, a good overwintering of winter cereals

    Cereals Potatoes Maize Flax Sunflower Sugar beet Grain crops and panicled cereals Legumes Fodder crops Vegetables Horticultures and berries Vine Decorative and other cultures

    The more detailed information about presowing seed treatment with Albit you may find here.

    Seed treatment is very important for obtaining high yield of cereal crops. For many years, Albit has been successfully applied for seed treatment of wheat, barley, rape, maize, legumes and other crops (Fig. 1). In this process, Albit acts in 3 ways at the same time: plant growth regulator, fungicide, antidote.


    Fig. 1. Influence of seed treatment with Albit on lentil germination (All-Russia Research Institute of Legumes and Groat Crops, Oryol oblast, 2008)


    Storage and sowing of pre-treated seeds. Seeds treated with Albit should be stored in an area with no light at cool room temperature (not exceeding +20°C). This area should also have adequate ventilation. We recommend to sow the seeds within one day from the treatment (with the exception of sunflower seeds). Otherwise, there is a possibility of a decline in the effectiveness of Albit: saprophytic microflora of the seeds might begin to utilize the product.

    Shelf life of treated seeds can be extended up to several months in the case of joint treatment of seeds with Albit and chemical agents. Chemical agents such as fungicides or insecticides act as preservatives to Albit. Seeds treated with this tank mix can be stored for up to 2 months without any impact to Albit's effectiveness. For example, in an experiment conducted by the All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Resources (2005), seeds of sugar beet (Ramonskaya MS-73 variety) were treated with an insecticidal agent (a.i. carbofuran) together with Albit. The rate of use was 20 L/tonne, and the mix was used several times: a month and a week prior to sowing, and immediately before sowing. This treatment resulted in a 71% biological effectiveness against the root beetle. The yield averaged at 25.5–26.5 t/ha in all Albit treatment groups (21.8 t/ha in control).

    Treating seeds with Albit ensures:

    • Increased field germination rate
    • Removed retardant effect of fungicidal treatments (antidote quality of Albit)
    • Resistance of crops grown from treated seeds to the phytotoxic effect of herbicides
    • Protection of plants against root diseases (including long-term protection from soil-borne rots)
    • Effect of long-term immunization against leaf- and stem-targeting diseases up until the heading stage
    • Forming of a potent root system and flag leaf
    • Accelerated harvest (up to 14 days of advance in harvest maturity)
    • Increased yield
    • Decreased amount of pathogenic fungi in root area
    • Accumulation of sugars (carbohydrates) in the tillering node and leaves of winter cereals. It increases frost resistance
    • Antioxidant protection (for more detailed information, please, see below)


    PHB and its derivatives interact with the receptors of NADPH oxidase system which are located on the surface of plant cells. Enhanced activity of NADPH oxidase in plants leads to the formation of superoxide and other reactive oxygen species (ROS) in concentrations higher than the norm but not deleterious to the plants. This process triggers expression of cascade of plant antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, peroxidases, dehydroascocorbate reductase, glutathione reductase) which are able to detoxify ROSes. Finally, the total antioxidant  capacity of cells increases in 1,4–3,6 times.  Increased level of antioxidant enzymes in plant cells also promotes to the higher content of ascorbate and chlorophyll (up to 100% increase to control). Since any stress (including low temperature) in plants ultimately leads to the accumulation of ROS and impairing of chlorophyll, plants pre-treated with Albit possess much higher stress resistance. Ascorbate may easily distribute across whole plant, amplifying stress resistance even in those organs which were not treated with Albit.

    Approximately 50% effect of Albit is achieved as a result of seed treatment (Figs. 2-4). For example, yield increase of winter wheat 0.25 t/h according to average data of a lot of conducted field trials. The rest effect may be reached with subsequent foliar spraying (yield increase of winter wheat 0.25 t/h).

    For many years, seed treatment of winter wheat with Albit in industrial scale has been conducted by famous seed processing enterprises (such as Luch (Stavropol krai, Russia) or OSEVA, Druzina, Limagrain in the EU).



    Fig. 2. Growth of seeds of winter wheat treated with Albit (40 mL/t) in comparison with control (Scientific Institute of Biological Protection of Plants, Krasnodar krai, 2017)



    Fig. 3. Growth of seeds of barley treated with Albit in comparison with control (Scientific Institute of Leguminous and Cereal Crops, Oryol oblast, 2006)



    Fig. 4. Influence of seed treatment with Albit on growth of barley (Scientific Institute of Leguminous and Cereal Crops, Oryol oblast, 2006)


    Seed treatment of winter wheat with Albit improves field germination of seeds (by 5-7%), protects plants against root rots and early-leaf diseases (like Septoria leaf spot), helps form a powerful root system (Fig. 5) (thanks to it, plants may successfully pass winter, can resist to drought and variation of temperature) and well-developed flag-leaf, helps increase yield by 4-15% depending on variety, and gluten content by 1,6 abs. % on average (2,3% to control).




    Fig. 5. Development of root system of winter wheat (top) and winter rape (bottom) (Kustodija, Lithuania, 2011)

    Also, plants grown from seeds treated with Albit will pass the growth stages by 3-12 days faster than the control plants, and form yield earlier as a result (Fig. 6).




    Fig. 6. Growth of barley (Scientific Institute of Leguminous and Cereal Crops, Oryol oblast, 2005 top photo and 2006 bottom photo). Seeds of barley were treated with fungicide based on tiabendazol and flutriafol (1) and tank mix with fungicide + Albit (2)

    In 2006-2009, in farm Zemlyanskoe of Voronezh oblast, winter wheat (var. Don-93 and Bezenchukskaya-380) was treated with Albit + fungicide based on tebuconazole. After Albit treatment, number of overwintered plants of winter wheat var. Don-93 increased from 287 plant/m2 to 319 plant/m2 (overwintering increased by 11.1% compared to the variant with pure fungicide); number of overwintered plants of winter wheat var. Bezenchukskaya-380 from 309 plants/m2 to 345 plants/m2 (overwintering increased by 11.7%). According to data of the Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, during snowless and frosty winter in 2013-2014, overwintering of winter wheat after seed treatment with fungicide based on fludioxonil was 91.6% to control, however after seed treatment with fungicide + Albit, overwintering was 109.4% to control (overall increase by 19.4%). Field germination of seeds increased from 93.7% to 98.1%, biological efficacy against root rots also increased from 54.2% to 74.3%.

    Seed treatment with Albit decreases the abundance of pathogenic fungi belonging to genus Fusarium in plant rootarea by 70-75% (according to data of Lomonosov Moscow State University).

    On winter crops, Albit is also applied as antidote additive to pesticides for decrease of their phytotoxic effect (Fig. 7). Albit in mixes with chemical fungicides smoothes their retardant effect, increasing field germination. Plants grown from seeds treated with Albit are more resistant to phytotoxic effect of herbicides. On average, based on data of all conducted field trials (since 1997), in variants where seeds were treated with Albit before herbicide sprays, yield was by 22.1% higher than in variants without Albit treatment (only herbicide sprays).



    Fig. 7. Influence of seed treatment with Albit on parameters of yield and development of root rots of winter wheat (Scientific Institute of Plant Protection, Russian Ministry of Agriculture, Voronezh oblast, 2005)


    Recommended seed treatment of winter wheat and barley with Albit 40 mL/t, rape 60 mL/t. Adding of Albit to standard pesticides in such small doses almost does not increase the cost of seed treatment, however notably boosts the efficacy of pesticide treatments.

    The special feature of Albit is its protective effect of seed treatment against leaf and cauline diseases. For example, in field trials of All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection and All-Russia Institute of Biological Plant Protection (Krasnodar kraj) seed treatment with Albit immunized winter wheat against soil-borne root rot diseases during 5 months (from October of 2004 year to March of 2005 year). Seed treatment of spring wheat and barley with Albit decreased brown rust and Septoria leaf spot in plants by 30-42% (Kursk Plant Protection Station, 2002). After seed treatment of sugar beet with Albit, BE of Albit against powdery mildew in the second decade of August was 59-66% (All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection, 2008).

    In field trials of Scientific Institute of Plant Protection it was demonstrated that application of Albit 100 mL/t on cereal crops has the same positive effect on plants as the dosage 40 mL/t, however prolonged immunization against foliar diseases (Septoria leaf spot, brown rust, powdery mildew) is added up to the heading stage (Fig. 8). This dose is recommended on a number of cereal crops.



    Fig. 8. Prolonged immunization of wheat against a number of diseases as a result of seed treatment with Albit (Scientific Institute of Plant Protection, Russian Ministry of Agriculture, Voronezh oblast, 2007)


    A high efficacy of seed treatment with Albit on maize was proven in laboratory and field trials (see Figs. 9, 10).

    Fig. 9. Positive influence of seed treatment with Albit on maize (vegetation trial of Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Moscow oblast, 2005). Left photo treatment with fungicide, right photo fungicide + Albit


    Fig. 10. Efficacy of seed treatment with Albit on maize (field trail was conducted in Georgia, USA, 2015). Check control, Treated treatment with Albit


    Positive influence of seed treatment with Albit on soybean and white lupine: (Figs. 11-14).


    Fig. 11. Influence of seed treatment with Albit and protectant fungicide on growth and development of soybean plants (vegetation trial of Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Moscow oblast, 2007). Variants: 1 control (without treatment), 2 Albit, 3 fungicide, 4 Albit + fungicide. Albit neutralizes stress retardant effect of protectant fungicide on soybean plants



    Fig. 12. Influence of Albit on field germination, growth and development of soybean plants (field trail was conducted in Georgia, USA, 2013). heck control (without Albit), Treated treatment with Albit



    Fig. 13. Influence of seed treatment with various doses of Albit on yield of soybean var. Villana (All-Russia Institute of Biological Plant Protection, Krasnodar krai, 2009)


    Fig. 14. The impact of Albit and different seed treatments on the field germination rate of white lupine crops (All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of lupine Studies, Bryansk Oblast 2019)


    Currently, massive application of pesticides is widely used in agricultural practice. However, besides their main functions (protection plants against diseases, weeds and pests), pesticides can cause stress of plants which they were devoted to defend. For example, at low temperature fungicides usually have retardant effect on germs; herbicide stress, on the contrary, is usually observed during drought. Stress effect is revealed in retarding of growth, decreasing of seed germination, appearance of spots, burns, leave twisting, reducing of resistance to diseases and others, resulting in notable decrease of yield. Chemical pesticides loosing side stress effect due to addition to Albit, reinforces their main effect. Applying of Albit with pesticides promotes their reproducible high performance. Head of one of the leading large-scale potato farms once said, that only together with Albit all fungicides he used before, started working with their full capacity, i.e., to providing 100% of the effect declared by producer. The urgent task of modern and intensive agriculture is annual maintenance of high yield. Especially this relates to using of generics, which (unlike well-known plant protection products of leading producers), as a rule, do not contain antidotes and other necessary technical means, "securing" the effect of active ingredient (a.i.). No doubt, Albit is not a replacement for chemical pesticides. However, application of Albit with chemical pesticides ensures their stable and high effect even at unfavorable conditions of vegetation season.



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