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    Yield Increase
    Acceleration of crop maturing
    Seed treatment of winter crops with Albit: coherent coming-up, good overwintering, high yield
    Yield quality: gluten content in cereals, sugar content in sugar beet, vitamins and nitrates in vegetables.
    Control of diseases
    Decrease of chemical pesticide consumption
    Improvement of stress resistance of plants
    Increase of resistance to drought
    Complex fertilizer
    Bioremediation of oil-polluted soils
    Influence on soil microbial community
    Untitled Document

    Yield increase

    Cereals Potatoes Maize Flax Sunflower Sugar beet Grain crops and panicled cereals Legumes Fodder crops Vegetables Horticultures and berries Vine Decorative and other cultures

    Materials of this chapter are published in article: Agricultural and economical effectiveness of Albit. Alehin V., Slobodjanyuk B., Zlotnikov A.K. Plant protection and quarantine Nr 9., page 26-27, (2005)

    Fig. 1. Average yield increase (t/ha) obtained with Albit treatment in Russian Federation (crops are given in alphabetical order)

    The main purpose of Albit is growth promotion and yield increase. In Russia Albit is registered as growth regulator on more than 50 crops (Reg. No. 081-07-866-1). Albit stably increases yield of cereals, sugar beet, sunflower, potato, flax, vegetables, legumes, horticultural crops, fodder grasses and other main agricultures by 12-23%.

    Basing on data of field trials (1997-2004) average yield increase of different cultures under Albit influence was calculated (Table 1). It is necessary to note, that this summarizing table contains data taken from different regions of Russia in different years. In favorable conditions yield increase might be considerably greater. For example, yield increase of sugar beet obtained in Chapaev Pedigree cattle farm of Krasnodar region with double Albit foliar spray has reached in 1999 of 31,3 % (81 centners/hectare). With Albit assistance, yield increase of winter wheat, spring wheat, sunflower and flax straw might reach 12,5, 7,6,5,5 and 13 centners/hectare respectively.

    Table 1. Influence of Albit on the productivity of agricultures (average data of all field trials conducted since 1997). The most important parameter of each crop is given in bold: e.g. grain yield for wheat, yield of green mass for flax and fodder grasses. (--) - no data

    Crop Yield increase Yield increase of green biomass Source
    (institutions conducted tests)
    t/ha % t/ha %

    Alfalfa

    0.7

    17.3

    2.4

    33.9

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001); All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection (2003)

    Apple

    1.4

    8.5

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection (2003); All-Russia Institute of Horticulture (2002)

    Barley (spring)

    0.4

    19.6

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Leguminous and Groat Crops (2002, 2004-2006); All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection (2002, 2004-2006); Far East Institute of Plant Protection (2002); Soil institute (2002); Kurgan Institute of Grain Growing (2001); All-Russia Institute Agrochemistry (1997-2001); Lipetsk State Sort Testing Station (2003); Ryazan Agricultural Academy (2001); Vladimir (2003, 2004), Voronezh (2002), Kirov (2004); Kostroma (2006), Kurgan (2000), Kursk (2002), Lipetsk (2002-2003), Penza (1997-1998), Primorye (2002), Saratov (1999-2001), Tula (2003), Yaroslavl (2002) regional plant protection stations, Karachev Plant Protection Station of Bryansk region (2004), Agricultural farm «Kushchevskoe» of Krasnodar Kraj (2004); Saratov Institute of Plant Protection (2005); Panichkin Cooperative farm of Saratov region (2006); Agricultural farm “Rossia” of Rostov region (2005); Krasnodar Institute of Plant Protection (2005)

    Barley (winter)

    1.1

    21.6

    -

    -

    Chapaev pedigree cattle farm (2003), Pedigree cattle farm "Kuban" (2003-2004), Agricultural farm «Yug Agrobusiness» (2004) of Krasnodar kraj

    Beans (fodder)

    0.2

    15.7

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001)

    Beans (french)

    0.5

    16.3

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001, 2003)

    Buckwheat

    0.5

    52.8

    -

    18.9

    All-Russia Institute of Leguminous and Groat Crops (2002-2003, 2006); Agricultural farms “Rassvet”, “Shulginskiy”, “Altay” of Altay kray (2006);

    Cabbage (Chinese)

    -

    -

    6.2

    12.5

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001)

    Cabbage (white)

    -

    -

    4.6

    12.0

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001, 2003); Vladimir regional plant protection station (2004)

    Carrot

    3.7

    10.9

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001, 2003)

    Cherry

    1.1

    6.5

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001);

    Clover

     

     

    11.0

    36.0

    All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection (2008); Vladimir regional plant protection station (2006)

    Cucumber

    11.9

    20.7

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001, 2003); Leningrad Regional Plant Protection Stations (2001, 2002); All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection (2006)

    Currant (black)

    1.1

    34.6

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection (2002, 2003); All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001)

    Eggplants

    1.9

    23.2

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001)

    Flax

    0.1

    35.6

    0.5

    17.6

    All-Russia Flax Institute (2002-2003); Pskov regional plant protection station (2002)

    Galega (fodder)

    -

    -

    1.4

    15.6

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001, 2003)

    Gooseberry

    0.5

    28

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001)

    Lentil

    0.2

    24.9

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001); All-Russia Institute of Sorghum and Maize “ROSSORGO” (2009); All-Russia Institute of Leguminous and Groat Crops (2006)

    Lettuce

    -

    -

    2.3

    12.7

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001, 2003, 2004)

    Lupine

    0.1

    14.3

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001)

    Maize

    0.4

    11.6

    5.7

    14.7

    All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection (2002-2004)

    Millet

    0.3

    26.1

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Leguminous and Groat Crops (2002, 2003); Agricultural Research Institute for South-East Region (ARISER) (2004); Saratov Regional Plant Protection Stations (1999, 2001)

    Oats

    0.5

    15.7

    -

    -

    Agricultural corporation “Krasnyi rog” of Bryansk region (2004); Ryazan, Vladimir Regional Plant Protection Stations (1998, 2012); All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection (2010-2012)

    Onions

    3.0

    17.6

    3.4

    17.6

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2003, 2004); Yu. P. Kim Farm of Rostov region

    Pea

    0.2

    12.8

    -

    18

    All-Russia Institute of Leguminous and Groat Crops (2001-2003); All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001); Agricultural farm “Russkoe pole” of Orel region (2004)

    Potato

    3.43

    20.0

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection (2003, 2004); All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001); Bashkir State Agrarian University (2001, 2002); Cooperative farm “Odoevskye zori” of Tula region (2004), “Merisystemnye kultury” Stavropol Kray (2003)

    Rapeseed

    0.4

    29.1

     

     

    All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection (2006); All-Russia Institute of Biological Plant Protection (2006-2007); Agricultural Research Institute for South-East Region (ARISER) (2005, 2006); Czech association of producers of oil crops (2010); OU Kullasaare, Estonia (2010); ZS Ainava 1, Latvia (2010); ZS Vaiculevas, Latvia (2010)

    Rice

    0.7

    19.3

    -

    22.5

    All-Russia Institute of Biological Plant Protection (2004); All-Russia Institute of Rice (2004)

    Rye (winter)

    0.3

    22.3

    -

    -

    Penza (1997-1998), Saratov (2000) regional plant protection stations

    Sorghum

    0.3

    18.0

     

     

    Kalinenko All-Russia Institute of Cereals Crops (2009); All-Russia Institute of Sorghum and Maize “ROSSORGO” (2009)

    Soybean

    0.3

    19.6

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001, 2003); All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection (2004); Chapaev pedigree cattle farm (2003), Pedigree cattle farm "Kuban" (2003) of Krasnodar kray

    Squash

    7.0

    17.4

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001)

    Strawberry

    1.6

    38.9

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001); All-Russia Institute of Horticulture (2002)

    Sugar beet

    4.8

    16.2

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection (2002-2005); All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001); Tula regional plant protection station (2003); Krasnodar regional plant protection station (2006); Chapaev pedigree cattle farm (1999, 2002, 2003), Pedigree cattle farm "Kuban" (2002-2003) of Krasnodar kray; All-Russia Institute of Sugarbeet and Sugar (2006)

    Sunflower

    0.3

    27.9

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection (2002); Agricultural Research Institute for South-East Region (ARISER) (2003, 2004); Saratov regional plant protection station (2001); Closed agricultural corporation “Rus” of Stavropol kray (2002); Chapaev pedigree cattle farm (2003), Lenin closed corporation (1999) of Krasnodar kray

    Sweet pepper

    3.6

    16.3

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001, 2003)

    Table beet

    2.4

    14.7

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001, 2003); Leningrad regional plant protection station (2001)

    Tomatoes

    4.7

    23.4

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding (2001, 2003)

    Vine

    1.9

    23.1

    -

    51.8

    All-Russia Institute of Viticulture and Wine processing (2003); Nord-Caucasian Institute of Horticulture and Viticulture (2004, 2005); National Institute of Viticulture and Wine processing of Ukraine (2011); Agricultural farm “Tairovskoe” of Ukraine (2011); Agricultural Institute of Czech Republic (2012)

    Wheat (spring)

    0.3

    16.5

    -

    -

    Far East Institute of Plant Protection (2002); Kurgan Institute of Grain Growing (1997-1998); Agricultural Research Institute for South-East Region (ARISER) (2002); Soil Institute (2002); All-Russia Institute of Agrochemistry (1997-1998); Aleysk agrochemical service station (NAN) (2003); Ryazan Agricultural Academy (2001); Buryat (2003), Kemerovo (2004), Kurgan (2000-2001), Kursk (2002), Lipetsk (2002), Penza (1997-1998), Primorye (2002), Saratov (2000-2001), Tuva (2001) regional plant protection stations

    Wheat (winter)

    0.5

    13.3

    -

    -

    All-Russia Institute of Biological Plant Protection (2004); All-Russia Institute of Leguminous and Groat Crops (2001-2002); All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection (2002); Soil institute (2001-2002); All-Russia Institute of Agrochemistry (1998-1999); Kursk Scientific Research Institute of Agroindustrial Manufacture (2001-2003); Krasnodar (2004), Kursk (2001-2003), Lipetsk (2002-2003), Saratov (2000-2001) regional plant protection stations; Prikumsk agricultural experimental station (2001-2002); Closed agricultural corporation “Rus” (2001-2002), Collective farm “Rodina” (2003), individual farm “Bryzgalin and Uvarov” (2001-2003), agrofirma “Zolotaya Niva” (2003) Stavropol kray; Chapaev pedigree cattle farm (2002-2003), agrofirma “Kubanagro-Fasta” (2001-2002), agrofirma “Yug Agrobusiness” (2004) of Krasnodar kray; agricultural farm “Zaria” of Rostov region (1999-2002); Agricultural cooperative farm “Grachevskiy” of Lipetsk region (2004); Agricultural cooperative farm “Kushchevskoe” of Krasnodar kray (2004); Agricultural cooperative farm “Praskoveya” of Stavropol kray (2004)

    * Yield of flax seed    **Yield of flax straw.

    As shown in table, different agricultures respond differently to Albit treatment. Regarding to average Albit-dependent yield increase, plants can be divided into 3 groups. The most responsive cultures (yield increase over 23%) are buckwheat, millet, sunflower, some berries (gooseberry, currant, and strawberry) and vegetables (cucumbers, eggplants). For example, Albit treatment of buckwheat allows realizing of high biological potential of this culture, which usually does not show its worth (see in details). As result, yield increase for buckwheat might reach 50% of productivity in control. Horticultures (apple and cherry), maize, lentil and carrot have relatively low responsiveness (yield increase below 12%).

    One can note that cultures of listed groups (of maximal and minimal responsiveness) were tested in a few trials in 1-2 regions, often in extreme climatic conditions. Thus, information about these cultures needs additional more accurate definition and additional tests.

    Majority of cultures have Albit-dependent yield increase within 12-23%. Influence of Albit on this ‘basic’ group is determined quite precisely. All cereals (eared and panicled), sugar beet, flax, soybean, pea, potato, vine, most of vegetables and fodder cultures belong to this group. Within this group, sugar beet demonstrate the highest responsiveness, cabbage (white and Peking) does the lowest one. Responsiveness of cereals growth in series:

    Winter wheat>spring wheat>spring barley>rice>winter barley>oats>rye.

    Yield increase can be measured in absolute values (centners/hectare, kg/m², tonne/hectare, etc.) and relatively, in percents. Relative yield increase is better for characterization of influence of Albit on plants, because it is independent on yield in control set. Cultures with similar relative yield increase might have very different absolute one. For example, average relative yield increases of spring and winter barley are quite similar (18,2 and 21,6% respectively), but absolute yield increase is 3,9 centners/hectare for spring barley and 10,7 centners/hectare for winter barley due to higher productivity of the last one (44-56 centners/hectare in control).

    The productivity of agricultures is given in Table 3 in centners/hectare. For vegetables and some other cultures it is more convenient to present the yield in kg/m². For converting, 1centner/hectare = 0,01 kg/m².

    Depending on conditions, yield increase might vary by 50% around the average value.

     



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